The Human Mortality Database


Vladimir Shkolnikov, Director

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research

Magali Barbieri, Associate Director

University of California, Berkeley and INED, Paris

John Wilmoth, Founding Director

United Nations and formerly University of California, Berkeley


Warning: The methods used to produce the HMD life tables have been modified in two respects: 1) we have implemented a more precise way to calculate a0, the mean age at death for children dying during the first year of life and 2) birth-by-month data (where and when available) are now used to more accurately estimate population exposures. For more details about these changes, see Version 6 of the revised Methods Protocol, particularly section 7.1 on Period life tables and section 6 and Appendix E, on Death rates. Statistics calculated under the prior methods (V5) are available here.

The Human Mortality Database (HMD) was created to provide detailed mortality and population data to researchers, students, journalists, policy analysts, and others interested in the history of human longevity. The project began as an outgrowth of earlier projects in the Department of Demography at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, and at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany (see history). It is the work of two teams of researchers in the USA and Germany (see research teams), with the help of financial backers and scientific collaborators from around the world (see acknowledgements). The Center on the Economics and Development of Aging (CEDA) French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) has also supported the further development of the database in recent years.

We seek to provide open, international access to these data. At present the database contains detailed population and mortality data for the following 40 countries or areas:

Australia

Estonia

Japan

Russia

Austria

Finland

Korea

Slovakia

Belarus

France

Latvia

Slovenia

Belgium

Germany

Lithuania

Spain

Bulgaria

Greece

Luxembourg

Sweden

Canada

Hungary

Netherlands

Switzerland

Chile

Iceland

New Zealand

Taiwan

Croatia

Ireland

Norway

U.K.

Czechia

Israel

Poland

U.S.A.

Denmark

Italy

Portugal

Ukraine

For more information, please begin by reading an overview of the database. If you have comments or questions, or trouble gaining access to the data, please write to us (hmd@mortality.org).