The Human Mortality Database
Vladimir Shkolnikov, Director
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Magali Barbieri, Associate Director
of California, Berkeley and INED, Paris
John Wilmoth, Founding Director
United Nations and formerly University
of California, Berkeley
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the HMD team decided to establish a new data resource: Short-term Mortality Fluctuations (STMF) data series. Objective and internationally comparable data are crucial to determine the effectiveness of different strategies used to address epidemics. Weekly death counts provide the most objective and comparable way of assessing the scale of short-term mortality elevations across countries and time.
we provide weekly death counts for 27 countries:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Belgium, England and Wales,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland,
Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the USA.
The same data in the pooled CSV file are available for download here. Data formats and methods are described in the
We also strongly recommend reading the
Following the HMD practice, we also publish
original input data in standardized format.
During the next few weeks data will be frequently updated and new countries will be added.
The most recent STMF update is: 2020-07-30.
New: We invite you to explore this data with our online
STMF visualization toolkit.
The Human Mortality Database (HMD) was created to provide detailed mortality and population data to researchers, students, journalists, policy analysts, and others interested in the history of human longevity. The project began as an outgrowth of earlier projects in the Department of Demography at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, and at the
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany
It is the work of two teams of researchers in the USA and Germany (see
with the help of financial backers and scientific collaborators from around the world (see
The Center on the Economics and Development of Aging (CEDA) French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) has also supported the further development of the database in recent years.
We seek to provide open, international access to these data. At present the database contains detailed population and mortality data for the following 41 countries or areas:
For more information, please begin by reading an
of the database.
If you have comments or questions, or trouble gaining access to the data, please write to us